Newsletter Article




Nominate a Witness Tree

In preparation for a tour of these living legacies planned for next spring, City Sustainability Manager Jenny Willoughby, is seeking nominations for trees in the City of Frederick that might be included on a walking tour of “witness trees” – old specimen trees that have lived through the span of history. A wonderful example is the magnificent Dutch Elm in the center of Memorial Park by the Talley Center.

Candidate trees can be in parks, along streets, on public grounds like schools, and even on private property (though unless the tree on private property can be seen from a street or alley it may not make it on the final list). Regardless of its location in the City of Frederick, if you have a tree to nominate, please email its location and a description (and preferably the type of tree it is, though this is not required) to Jenny at

Please share this with friends, neighbors, and other interested community groups / clubs / members!




Register to Participate in Frederick City Tree Identification

Frederick City residents are invited to participate in tree identification and inventory training sessions, the first stage of a larger urban tree canopy inventory for the City. Those residents who are trained in identification will be asked to assist neighbors in spring 2015 to inventory trees on private property. Trained volunteers will collect data about tree species and size in an effort to better understand the City’s tree diversity and help homeowners understand the intangible value of trees in their own yard and neighbors’ yards. Ultimately, homeowners will have the opportunity to learn the trees growing in their own yards and the value of those trees for air quality, water quality, and energy savings. In addition, the City will gain more detailed information about tree species diversity and how to better prioritize outreach and tree planting efforts.


Though the inventory will begin in spring 2015, the tree identification training will begin September 17. Neighborhood Advisory Council areas 6 and 9 will be inventoried during the first stage as a pilot and the fall training courses will take place in those neighborhoods to learn specific trees common to the area. No experience is needed to be part of the project and it is free to all residents. The five-week course runs on Wednesdays beginning September 17, 6-8 p.m. The first session will be at the Hood College campus. Residents can register via email to Jenny Willoughby




Picture Your Park: 2015 Baker Park Calendar

At its annual meeting, Friends of Baker Park board members (standing, left to right) Roberta McNamara and Betsy Fisher plus (seated, left to right) Jen Waldo and Sarah Costlow announced a calendar photo contest called Picture Your Park for a 2015 Friends of Baker Park calendar being printed in the fall of 2014. Photographers are invited to submit up to three high resolution color photo images in landscape (horizontal) format on any aspect or interpretation of Baker Park’s Culler Lake area. Photos should be submitted by email to along with the photographer’s full name, address, and phone number. The word “photo” should be in the email subject line. Submissions will be reviewed by a panel of judges. Selected photographs will be featured along with the photographer’s name in the 2015 Friends of Baker Park Calendar. Entries are due by July 1; winners will be notified bySeptember 30, 2014. The calendar is sponsored by Friends of Baker Park and will include events from Celebrate Frederick and the Downtown Frederick Partnership.




Get Involved: Frederick’s 4th of July

Friends of Baker Park, Inc., is a non-profit, volunteer-staffed community service organization dedicated to fostering community involvement with Frederick City Government in the preservation, restoration, use, and maintenance of Baker Park. We’re also proponents of supporting activities in the park that contribute so much to making Frederick City a great place to live, work, and play.  Celebrate Frederick recently distributed an email seeking volunteers to assist with several activities taking place in Baker Park on the 4th of July. We’re relaying this in case you or someone you know can help out and also so you can start planning to take advantage of these activities if your holiday includes staying in town to enjoy the park and evening fireworks. Activities and links are below; contact Corinne Farneti of Celebrate Frederick at with any questions.
If you or someone you know are interested in helping as a volunteer at Baker Park’sJuly 4th celebration, just go to to sign up. We are recruiting for barricade monitors, staff at our peanut butter and jelly tent, and volunteers for our information booths.
Learn more about Frederick’s 4th at




Shared Use Path Plan Under Route 15

At the recent Annual Membership meeting, City of Frederick Engineer Tim Davis spoke of the plan to place a tunnel under the south bound ramps of Route 15. This work is part of the 27 mile shared use path and will link Baker and Waterford parks. The project is currently in the design phase with about 60% of the design documentation complete. Construction begins in spring of 2015 and will be complete in late summer of early fall of 2015.

Tim discussed many of the project amenities under consideration including “green” path surface materials, way-finding signage, crime prevention through environmental design, conformity to ADAm solar lighting in the tunnel, and native species for landscape restorations.

For more information on the path project to date, please download Tim’s powerpoint presentation in pdf format.




Scoop the Poop Pledge – City of Frederick Initiative

Dog poop left on the ground does not fertilize the ground or just magically disappear. It is picked up by storm water runoff and runs into storm drains that ultimately empty into the Chesapeake Bay. This water is not treated or cleaned before it enters the bay, so pet waste is a significant contributor to water pollution. It also presents health risks to humans and pets. Pet waste carries bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can make people, especially children, sick. YOU can make a difference by making this pledge and encouraging others to make it too!

Make the pledge online today!


Download the form and drop it off at City Hall




Linking Waterford and Baker Parks via a Shared Use Path

City of Frederick Engineer Tim Davis debriefed Friends of Baker Park board members in October, 2013, on the planned design and construction timetable for a shared use path that will link Waterford and Baker Parks. Information contained in this plan includes the project’s timetable plus a map of the planned route and descriptions of both an elevated path over Carroll Creek and an underpass under the Route 15 on / off ramps from Rosemont Avenue.  Please let Friends of Baker Park know of any feedback you have on this plan. Download the plan.




Culler Lake Bathymetry: Potential Changes Following Dredging

Provided by: 
Spring 2013 Sampling Methods Class: J. Bruland, M. Dybala, N. Gunther, A. Hoffman, J. Jones, L. Kelley, J. Neidinger, M. Olszewski, C. Rogers, A. Waldron Department of Biology, Hood College, 401 Rosemont Avenue, Frederick, MD 21701 

Download Full Study As A PDF


Lake Depth:
We recorded both the soft and hard bottom measurements throughout Culler Lake. Soft bottom measurements are the depths from the water surface to the top of the sediment layer. Hard bottom measurements are the depths from the water surface to the constructed base of the lake bottom, as indicated by a section of PVC pipe being forced as deeply as possible into the sediment. The difference between these two measurements is an indication of the depth of the sediment. Depth readings were recorded over eleven transects spanning the length of the lake. GPS was used to record five to seven waypoints along each transect.

Inflow and Outflow Measurements:
To measure the flow of water into and out of Culler Lake, several readings were taken. We measured the flow at the input pipe from Carroll Creek. The outflow was measured where the lake waters re-enter Carroll Creek. The water flow was recorded in feet per second. To calculate cross-sectional area, we also measured pipe diameter, the maximum water depth, and the width of the waterline within each pipe.

Creating Maps:
We created maps using data collected from Culler Lake and geographical information systems (GIS) software.

  • A base map of Culler Lake was downloaded from ESRI’s ArcOnline World Imagery server.
  • The lake shoreline was drawn to provide a baseline reference for subsequent data addition.
  • The locations of depth measurements were determined using a hand-held global positioning system (GPS) Some points were not correctly recorded by the GPS unit and later had to be plotted in relation to where they were drawn on a field map.
  • Using soft- and hard-bottom lake depths, depth contours were hand-drawn for each map.
  • Using these maps as a guide, we created GIS-based maps for both soft- and hard-bottom contours.

Figure 1. Map of stormwater drainage into Culler Lake. The red line indicates that drainage area. The yellow lines and symbols denote drains and underground piping for stormwater. Note that a portion of this area collects water for Culler Lake and that a portion of the stormwater is discharged directly into Carroll Creek.

Figure 1. Map of stormwater drainage into Culler Lake. The red line indicates that drainage area. The yellow lines and symbols denote drains and underground piping for stormwater. Note that a portion of this area collects water for Culler Lake and that a portion of the stormwater is discharged directly into Carroll Creek.

Figure 2. Map of Culler Lake indicating sampling points and their corresponding soft and hard bottom water depths.Figure 2. Map of Culler Lake indicating sampling points and their cooresponding soft and hard bottom water depths.

Figure 3. Map of Culler Lake indicating the current depth contours (i.e. the soft-bottom depth).

Figure 4. Map of Culler Lake indicating potential contours after dredging (i.e. the hard-bottom depth).

Lake Volumes:
Weight to area ratios for cut-out lake maps were used to determine lake surface area and that of each contour ≥ 4 feet. These were measured against a standard to calculate surface areas in ft2. Segment volumes for each depth stratum were then calculated using the equation below and summed for the volume of the entire lake.

V = h/3 [A1 + A2 + √(A1*A2)],

where V = volume of stratum; h = depth of stratum, A1 = area of the upper limit of the stratum; and A2 = area of the lower limit of the stratum.


Current Culler Lake Hydrology

  • The majority of the sediments are deposited in the southeastern two-thirds of the lake.
  • There was a large discrepancy between lake outflow and Carroll Creek inflow during a non-storm period.
  • The shallow nature of the lake may allow sediment re-suspension due to winds.


PowerPoint Presentation

Dredging Culler Lake 

The volume of dredged sediments, 4,610 cubic yards, would require approximately 500 truckloads of material to be removed (based upon an 9-10 cubic yard truck capacity).

  • Dredging could reduce total suspended solids at the lake outlet by reducing resuspension of sediment.
  • Given the range of current turnover time estimates, it is difficult to approximate water residence time increases after dredging.
  • There are likely to be temporary negative aesthetic and recreational impacts during the dredging.

Download Full Study As A PDF

Acknowledgements We would like to thank Friends of Baker Park and the Frederick City Departments of Public Works and Parks & Recreation for their help with this project.





Center for Coastal and Watershed Studies at Hood College Research of Culler Lake is Underway

Working under the direction Hood College Professor of Biology Drew Ferrier, Hood College students have initiated a series of research projects pertaining to Culler Lake. Projects include:

  • A bathymetric evaluation of the lake’s bottom, which is useful in understanding the shape of the lake basin and how the present-day lake compares with original grading plans from the 1930’s. This effort will be especially timely since the anecdotal reports that the lake is 4 feet at its deepest is disputed by some long-time city employees. The effort will also help gauge the depth of the lake bottom versus the thickness of lake sediment resting on the bottom.
  • Water quality and biological sampling, which will be useful in establishing a baseline for current lake water quality before the storm-water mitigation projects and other water improvement efforts begin. An analysis of phosphates, nitrogen, and solids will be included in the water-quality portion, while a determination of the amount of algae in the lake will be the focus of the biological sampling.

When necessary, students will use small inflatable rafts to take samples. Students are aiming to present preliminary findings at the Friends of Baker Park Annual meeting on May 13.

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